guava cultivation practices

In Andhra Pradesh, Guava is cultivated in an area of 9626 hectares with a production of 1.44 lakh metric tons. Cost of Cultivation of Saffron, Saffron Business Plan. Follow clean cultivation and strict sanitation in an orchard. In severe cases, the plant dies. It is resistant to drought comma sensitive to water logging and Frost. of pulp after amla. Fruit develops attractive peel color during winter when temperatures are less than 10 Oc. Grafted tree yields 1000-2000 fruits where as good orchard yields about 25-30 tonnes per hectare. Post-Harvesting Practices. Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh 482001 (India) The yield of high density guava varies due to different varieties, the age of the plants, fruiting season and orchard management practices etc. Dung manure 40 kg or 4 kg With Vermicomposting, 100 gms of biological compost, such as azospirilum with the use of production and production of good quality fruits are produced. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. Yield is always different from variety to variety. Your Email I accept the privacy policy . Because of this reason, grafting and budding are preferred. Guava seed persists viable for many months. Mr. Reddy-April 28, 2016. When it comes to rainfall requirement for rain-fed crop, on an average 100 to 125 cm of annual rainfall is more than enough for growing Guava plants. For best fruit production, roots must enter well into the soil. The infested fruits rot and fall. Withholding irrigation from February to May. The tree Semi-dwarf, vigorous, with heavy branching habit. Though, trees grown from cuttings or air-layers have no taproot and are apt to be blown down in the first 2 or 3 years. Several types of scale insects, including some mealybugs, are fond of Guava wood and leaves. Guava is native to tropical America where it occurs wild. Arka Mridula trees. Drip irrigation is very useful in Guava farming. Contact no: 0761-4922877, 7999049991, 7999775252, 7987777677 Guavas can take heavy pruning, though, and can be used as informal hedges or screens. It is necessary to treat the seeds with fungicides to prevent damping off. Guava Cultivation Practices-sereddy - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Neem Khali 6 kg in Guava by adding per plant, fruits are produced along with good quality as well as an increase in production. The new leaves which emerge will produce the winter crop. : Psidium guajava L. Family: Myrtaceae Pollination: Self pollinated Chromosome No. They should be planted early to ensure high germination. in 2001-02 whereas the production increased by 55% from 11 lakh tones to 17 lakh ton n es. Why to stake VNR Bihi Guava plants. In the case of grafting using rootstock, wedge grafting is done. Reduce their numbers by applying beneficial nematodes to the soil around the trunk and across the root area. It requires less care and practices than the other field crops. Ring weed plant to eradicate competing weeds. It also tolerates drought well. Guava has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions. This will soften the hard coating of the seeds, hopeful the inner embryo to germinate. Inflorescence: Cymes, Fruit type:Berry. Climate for Papaya Cultivation. Red-banded thrips will cause browning of fruit rinds and defoliation of your tree. It is the fourth most important fruit of India in respect of area and production. The pits may be treated with formalin and kept covered for about 3 days and transplanting should be done after 2 weeks. 0. To produce fruit, the mean temperature must remain above 16°C. Control these mealy bugs by releasing predators like chrysopa and cryptolaemus sps. It is commonly called poor man’s fruit. Share. It is high yielder when compared to Allahabad Safeda. Good drainage is important, as this tree does not tolerate standing water well. It grows well on any type of soil. The root suckers should be removed frequently. Intercropping with pulses and vegetables is profitable in all soils in young orchards up to 4 the year which checks the weed growth and increases soil nutrient status. Share. Guava Fruit Farming, Cultivation Information Guide. Varieties Allahabad, Lucknow 46, 49, Arka Amulya, Arka Mridula, Banaras, Baptla, Arka Kiran, Lalit and TRY (G)-1 are the suitable varieties for cultivation. Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. Sow them evenly in the furrows 2-3 cm apart and lightly cover with soil 0.5 – 1.0 cm deep. Water regularly to keep the soil moist. Agriculture Subject: Principles of Horticulture Unit :4 Cultivation practices of Guava 2. Guava is native to tropical America where it occurs wild. Land: Most of the growers in south Florida own, rather than rent, the land they use for production. The standard spacing for the Guava plant is 6 x 6 m, which accommodates 277 plants per hectare. It is resistant to drought comma sensitive to water logging and Frost. 50% recommended N, 100% P2O5 and 50% N, 50% K2O should be applied in September. The tree should be trained and pruned to good shape with strong branches. The fruit comes to maturity 4-5 months after flowering. Under irrigated conditions guava yields about 100-150 kg fruit for 8 years and above age trees. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Myrtaceae. Readers interested in knowing more about the different cultural practices used in guava production may wish to read EDIS document HS4, Guava Growing in the Florida Home Landscape. The intensity of root activity was the highest under polythene mulch (299643 & 26397 dpm g Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and parts of KPK are some of the major states of Pakistan. Guava Cultivation Information Guide. Yield per guava tree is about more than 300 kg for grafted grown plants. B.sc. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Beside Mahakaushal hospital, However, stooling or mound layering in nursery beds in guava farming is the cheapest one for rapid multiplication of plants. Arka Rashmi: Arka Mirudula: Baptla: TRY (G)-1: Soil and climate Guava grows well both in wet and dry regions but it does better under irrigation in the dry tracts. Its cost of production is also low because its requirement for fertilizer, irrigation and plant protection are not much. Guava is considered as one of the exquisite and nutritionally valuable and remunerative crops. In this Article we will discuss Guava Cultivation. The adverse effects of high fluctuations in temperature, hot air, low rainfall, and water cycle are less adverse. Since the fruit is borne on new growth, pruning does not interfere with next year’s crop. Guava can be successfully cultivated both under tropical and subtropical conditions. Guava Cultivation in India – Production Area, Climate, Harvesting and Fruit Handling! Climatic requirement for Guava cultivation, Remove term: Irrigation of Guava trees- Irrigation of Guava trees, Central Government Schemes (केंद्रीय सरकार योजनाएं), लीची फलों का तुराई उपरान्त प्रवंधन एवं मूल्य संवर्धन, Oil Seeds and Cash crops (तिलहनी एवं नकदी फसलें), Oil seeds and Cash crops ( तिलहनी एवं नकदी फसलें), Oil seeds and Cash crops (तिलहनी एवं नकदी फसल). Apply Dithane Z-78 (2g) or Cuman L (4ml/lit) and Rovral (2g/lit) during the rainy season. In black soils, crop regulation is done by bahar treatment. Spray Bordeaux mixture (1%) or Carbendazim 1 g /l or COC 3 g/l. Areas near the foothills have been found to be the perfect place for papaya cultivation in India. This bahar treatment makes the plant to shed all the leaves. Roots of plants should not be damaged while transplanting. The leaves will senesce and plant sheds the leaves. for up to 6 months. Wilted trees should be uprooted, burnt and trench should be dug around the tree trunk. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Shaping the tree and removing water shoots and suckers are generally all that is essential. The Guava whitefly also feeds on Guava leaves. To get better yield trees should be irrigated at flowering and fruiting stage. Family: Myrtaceae: Guava is an important fruit of tropical and subtropical area of the world. Fruit flies are a common pest. It can be grown in wide range of soils from heavy clay to very sandy in nature. Keep the soil moist and cover the pot with a plastic wrap to keep a high humidity inside. The tree should be trained and pruned to good shape with strong branches. They excrete honeydew resulting in the development of sooty mold. CROP HUSBANDRY-GUAVA CULTIVATION PRACTICES IN KERALA GUAVA (Psidium guajava)Guava thrives well in places receiving medium rainfall not exceeding 100 cm. It contains antioxidant factors and can control systolic blood pressure. Disease-free Guava grafts/layerings of desired variety should be selected for planting. The fruit harvested with two leaves will stay fresh for a longer period and amenable for long distance transportation. For managing fruit rot disease good field sanitation (maintain field free of infected dry or semi-dry twigs and mummified fruits of the previous harvest which may serve as primary inoculum. The grubs bore into the bark and stem and can be identified form the saw dust coming from the bores and by the follow sound when the branch is tapped. The Guava seedlings grow very fast if appropriate care is taken. Later the red pustules change to grey color. The fruit flies deposit eggs in the soft skin of ripening fruits. The fruits are large, round and bear profusely. You need to harvest seed from a fresh guava and soak off … By following these practices, we can enhance our guava production. Cultivation practices of Guava. In case if you are interested in Growing Organic Spinach At Home. Collect all infected and fallen fruits and destroy.Grow moderately resistant varieties like Sardar (Lucknow -49) and Saharanpur Seedless. Increase the dose by 100g N, K2O and 40g P2O5  every year until the plants are five years old and thereafter a dose of 500g N, (1085 g Urea), 200g P2O5 (1250g SSP) and 500g K2O (850g MOP) should be applied. In guava, the winter crop gives best quality fruit. It grows best with an annual … Guava trees grown from seed may not come into production for anywhere between 3 to 8 years. They affect fruit quality as well as size. 3.2 Area & Production The area under guava cultivation in India increased by 64% from 94 thousand ha. Guava is propagated usually through seed however, cuttings, grafting, air layering, and budding are also practiced. Guava (Psidium guajava), the apple of tropics, is one of the most common fruits in India.It is the fourth most important fruit in area and production after mango, banana and citrus. It is slightly salt resistant. Young plants should be watered regularly during the first year. Guava production practices. The root suckers should be removed frequently. Organic fertilize growing Guavas every 1 to 2 months while young and then 3 to 4 times per year as the tree matures. Arka Mridula trees. The Guava fruit matures in 2 to 4 months after the flowers bloom. Pruning the tree to improve air circulation will be beneficial. The pink color in beverage remains stable for more than a year in storage. To prevent these, harvest before the fruit is fully ripe. By. Best quality fruits are obtained where low night temperatures (10o c) prevail during the winter season. The Guava moth lays eggs on your tree’s leaves. It is beneficial to health. Pheromone trapping with methyl eugenol for Bactocera dorsalissp replenishing the traps with new wicks every fortnight during the fruiting season. It was introduced in India in the seventeen century. One of the problems with budded and grafted Guavas is the production of water sprouts and suckers from the rootstocks. Seeds should be planted as soon as possible to ensure high germination. Severe infestation initially gives silvery appearance on the ventral side of guava leaves. Subscribe to Get Post in E-mail. Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time. Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Myrtaceae. Spray COC @ 3g/l twice at an interval of 10 days. Irrigation should be withheld prior to ripening. Different organic fertilizers for Guava trees are Azotobacter, vermicompost, mulching, phosphate solubilising microbes (PSM) and Trichoderma harzianum added each year to mineral fertilizers containing NPK and to farmyard manure on leaf nutrient status, fruit yield, tree growth, and quality of Guava grown in low fertile soil. 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